Posts

Ortl-placeholder-post

Using Linear Select to Add Bridges, Tunnels, Cuttings, Embankments and Magic Round-Abouts to Tracks

Ortelius provides a unique tool for selecting sections along a longer track called Linear Select. Use the tool as you would a highlighter to select a portion of a track for applying inline styles, style adornments, labels, and other special features, such as a magic roundabout. Handles on these special features provide “just right” positioning along tracks.

To Use Linear Select:

To_Use_Linear_Select.png

Ortelius’ exclusive Linear Select™ tool works like a highlighter.

  1. Choose the Linear Select [n] tool.
  2. Press and drag over a track, highlighting as you go, then release.

HINT: While a path may look similar to a track, tracks have special properties. Linear Select does not work with regular paths.

Related Topic: See Text Labeling Linear Features for more information about using Linear Select to add labels to tracks.

To Apply In-line Styles:

To_Apply_In-line_Styles.png

In-line styles are new styles applied in-line with a single track, replacing the section highlighted with Linear Select with a new style. A transition is applied between one linear style and the other.

  1. Use Linear Select [n] to highlight a portion of a track that will receive the new style treatment.
  2. Do one of the following:
  • Double-click the desired style in the Styles & Symbols palette to apply it to the selected section.
  • Create a new (or cloned) style in the Style Inspector or Format Bar.

To Change the Transition of In-line Styles with Width Adaptors:

To_Change_the_Transition_of_In-line_Styles_with_Width_Ada.png

Ortelius creates beautifully smooth transitions between styles of varying widths using Width Adaptors.

  1. With the track selected, open the Object Inspector – Features pane.
  2. Choose from one ot the following Width Adaptors:
  • Wider
  • Narrower
  • Smooth Blend (the default for style transitions)
  • Average

To Adjust the Position of an In-line Style:

Ortelius gives you “just right” positioning with in-line styles positioning handles.

  1. With the track selected, drag the green knobs at either end of the in-line style tto reposition the in-line style.

HINT: To reduce visual clutter and/or reduce the problem of having ambiguous targets for mouse clicks, open the Object Inspector’s Features pane and check the box to show (or hide) the in-line style handles.

To Remove an In-line Style:

Do one of the following:

  • Right-click the track and choose Remove Style ‘Name’ from the contextual menu.
  • Use the Linear Select [n] tool to highlight the section of track containing the in-line style and choose Edit > Paths & Tracks > Unify Styles from the main menu.

To Insert a Tunnel on a Track:

To_Insert_a_Tunnel_on_a_Track.png

Tunnels are in-line styles (they replacing the section highlighted with Linear Select with a new style).

  1. Use the Linear Select [n] tool to highlight the section of track to accept the tunnel.
  2. Choose Edit > Insert Special > Tunnel from the main menu. The tunnel will be automatically styled to match the road style.

To Remove a Tunnel from a Track:

Do one of the following:

  • Right-click the track and choose Remove Tunnel from the contextual menu.
  • Use the Linear Select [n] tool to highlight the section of track containing the tunnel and choose Edit > Paths & Tracks > Unify Styles from the main menu.

To Apply Overlay Styles:

Overlay styles are style adornments applied in addition to the existing style of a track. Bridges, cuttings, and embankments are available overlay styles. These special features are smart and will adjust certain style properties, such as line weight, according to the line style of origin.

  1. Ue Linear Select [n] to highlight a portion of a track that will receive the new overlay style treatment.
  2. Choose Edit > Insert Special > from the main menu and choose the desired feature to be added.

To Insert a Bridge on a Track:

To_Insert_a_Bridge_on_a_Track.png

Bridges are overlay styles (they are applied in addition to the existing style of a track).

  1. Use Linear Select [n] to highlight the section of track to accept the bridge.
  2. Choose Edit > Insert Special > Bridge from the main menu.

To Insert a Cutting or Embankment on a Track:

To_Insert_a_Cutting_or_Embankment_on_a_Track.png

During highway and rail construction, the land surface (for example, a hill) may be “cut through” to allow the road or rail surface to remain level. These features are referred to as “cuttings.” Alternatively, when land subsides it may be raised to create a level surface, forming an “embankment.” Cuttings and embankments are traditionally shown on local scale maps.

Cuttings and embankments are overlay styles (they are applied in addition to the existing style of a track).

  1. Use Linear Select [n] to highlight the section of track to accept the cutting or embankement.
  2. Choose Edit > Insert Special > Cutting (or Embankment) from the main menu.

To Adjust the Position of an Overlay Style (Bridge, Cutting or Embankment):

Do any of the following:

  • With the track selected, drag the left handle (yellow circle) on the overlay style (bridge, cutting or embankment) and slide it along the track for fine-tuned positioning.
  • Drag the right handle (orange dot) on the overlay style to adjust its length.

To Remove an Overlay Style (Bridge, Cutting or Embankment):

  1. Use the Linear Select [n] tool to highlight the section of track with the overlay style.
  2. Choose Edit > Paths & Tracks > Delete (overlay style) from the main menu.

To Create a Custom In-line or Overlay Style:

To_Create_a_Custom_In-line_or_Overlay_Style.png

If the predefined special styles available in the Edit > Insert Special menu are not to your liking, you can create new bridge, tunnel, cutting, or embankment styles.

  1. Use the Linear Select [n] tool to highlight the section of track to accept the new style.
  2. Open the Style Inspector and click ‘Clone’ to base your new style on the existing track style, or ‘Reset’ to create a new style.
  3. Add one of the following ‘Adornment’ style components: ‘Bridge’, ‘Tunnel’, ‘Cutting & Embankment’ to your new style.
  4. Adjust the style component properties as desired.
  5. Save the new style to your user library.

To Apply a Custom In-line Style (Tunnel) to a Track:

  1. Use Linear Select [n] to highlight the section of track to accept the new overlay style.
  2. Double-click the custom style in the Styles & Symbols palette.

To Apply a Custom Overlay Style (Bridge, Cutting & Embankment) to a Track:

  1. Use Linear Select [n] to highlight the section of track to accept the new overlay style.
  2. Hold down the OPTION-key and double-click the style in the Styles & Symbols palette.

To Insert a Magic Round-about:

To_Insert_a_Magic_Round-About.png

Placed at the junction of two or more connector tracks, the magic round-about places a circle in the parent track’s style, sized according to the width of the line style, with junctions made fully automatically. After placement, the round-about is an editable section of track.

  1. Use the Linear Select [n] tool to select the length of a parent track along the junction with one or more child tracks.
  2. Choose Edit > Insert Special > Magic Round-about.

Ortl-placeholder-post

Placing Adornments on Tracks

An adornment is any object, symbol, text, or image that is snapped to a connectable track. Once placed as an adornment, the object becomes a property of the track. Adornments will move when the track is moved.

To Paste Adornments on Tracks:

To_Paste_Adornments_on_Tracks.png
  1. Choose Edit > Copy (or Command-C) to copy an object, such as a shape or simple symbol.
  2. Right-click a track and choose Paste Adornment, or choose Edit > Paths & Tracks > Paste Adornment from the main menu.

To Change the Alignment of an Adornment:

By default, an adornment is aligned to follow the direction of the track.

  1. Right-click the adornment and check (or uncheck) “Align With Track” to align it with the track (or align it with the page).

To Place Symbol Adornments with the Symbol Stamp Tool:

To_Place_Symbol_Adornments_with_the_Symbol_Stamp_Tool.png
  1. Choose the Symbol Stamp [y] tool.
  2. Choose a symbol from the Styles & Symbols palette.
  3. Click to place symbol adornments directly onto a track. When placed, the symbol will “snap” to the track feature and become a property of the track.

See Using Sequence Markers, Shields, and Special Symbols for more information about working with these special symbols.

HINT: Special symbols, such as shields, will adapt certain attributes from their track (for example, route numbers) as appropriate.

To Reposition a Track Adornment:

  1. With the Select [s] tool, click once onto the track to select it, then once onto the adornment to select it.
  2. Do one of the following:
  • Drag the adornment along the track.
  • Right-click an adornment and choose “Pick Up” from its contextual menu. The adornment will become an active symbol to be placed with the Symbol Stamp tool.

To Distribute Adornments Along a Track:

Distribute three or more adornments evenly between the first and last adornment.

With the Select [s] tool, select the tract .
Choose Edit > Paths & Tracks > Distribute Adornments from the main menu.

To Change the Angle of a Track Adornment:

  1. With the Select [s] tool, click once onto the track to select it, then once onto the adornment to select it.
  2. Right-click the adornment and choose an angle increment from its contextual menu.

To Delete a Track Adornment:

  1. With the Select [s] tool, click once onto the track to select it, then once onto the adornment to select it.
  2. Do one of the following:
  • Right-click the adornment and choose “Delete Adornment” from the contextual menu.
  • Drag the adornment off the track and release to delete.
  • To delete all adornments, select the tract and choose Edit > Paths & Tracks > Delete Adornments from the main menu.

To Edit an Adornment’s Attributes:

To_Edit_an_Adornment_s_Attributes.png
  1. With the Select [s] tool, click once onto the track to select it, then once onto the adornment to select it. The selected adornment will be highlighted and its attributes can be edited.
  2. Open the Object Inspector.
  3. Edit attributes.
  4. As desired, click onto the next adornment to continue editing attributes.

HINT: To have labels displayed on symbols that are used as track adornments, a symbol must have a visible label before it is attached as a track adornment. For example, place a symbol on your drawing canvas and add a label and position it as desired. Next, copy the symbol, then right click the track and choose Paste Adornment from the contextual menu. Alternatively, create these symbols with a label added to the object’s shape before the symbol creation process. Note, symbol labels cannot be selected and positioned independently once placed on a track as an adornment.

Ortl-placeholder-post

Text Labeling Linear Features

Ortelius’ connectable tracks are labeled with the help of the Linear Select tool. The label is placed in either the default style and positioned above the track, or its style and position will be based on the Label Adornment style that has been applied. Once placed, the label is fully editable. Labels follow the path of their associated linear features. If the path is moved, the label moves with it.

To Add Labels to Tracks:

To_Add_Labels_to_Tracks.png
  1. Choose the Linear Select [n] tool to highlight the connectable track where your label will be placed.
  2. Do one of the following:
  • Choose Edit > Labels & Text > New Label from the main menu.
  • Right-click the selected area and choose ‘New Label’ from the contextual menu. A highlighted label “bubble” shows where the label has been placed.
  • Double-click the label bubble to edit the label text as desired.

HINT: Labels support multi-line text. Press OPTION-Return or SHIFT-Return on the keyboard to manually insert a line break.

HINT: Linear Select and associated labels apply only to connectable tracks. To convert a path to a connectable track, select the path(s) and choose Graphic > Convert To > Connectable Track from the main menu. Line shapefiles features are imported as paths. If labels are desired, converting paths to tracks is a necessary step after importing. Some features, such as roads, it may be desirable to join multiple line segments.

About ‘Just-Right Positioning’ of Linear Feature Labels:

About__Just-Right_Positioning__of_Linear_Feature_Labels.png

Linear feature labels have handles for just-right positioning similar to the concept of handles with Bezier curves.

  • To control placement, the left handle (yellow diamond) slides the label along the track.
  • The right handle (orange diamond) controls the spread, or overall width, of the label along the line.
  • The handle on top (blue diamond) controls the vertical alignment of the label with respect to the line, moving the label up or down for perfect positioning.

To Flip a Label:

  1. Choose the Select [s] tool.
  2. Do one of the following:
  • Select the label and choose Edit > Labels & Text > Flip Label from the main menu.
  • Right-click on the label and choose ‘Flip Label’ to change the orientation of the label relative to the line.

To Smooth a Label on a Complex Track:

To_Smooth_a_Label_on_a_Complex_Track.png

As with other curved text, it is good practice to keep linear text labels as simple as possible. Usually this means selecting a relatively straight section of the line to place your label.

Do one of the following:

  • To place smoothly curved labels on lines with complex, sinuous routes, right-click the label and choose ‘Follow Trend Of Path’ to enable basic label simplification.
  • Right-click the label and choose ‘Detach From Feature’. The result is a Text On Path object. Adjust its curve handles as desired.

To Copy a Label to Multiple Tracks:

  1. Add a label to a track.
  2. Position and edit style and content as desired.
  3. Do one of the following:

Right-click the label and choose ‘Copy Label’ from the contextual menu.
Choose Edit > Labels & Text > Copy Label from the main menu.

4. Select other tracks.
5. Choose Edit > Labels & Text > Paste Label from the main menu. The label, including its content, style, and positioning, will be copied to the other features.

HINT: Multiple labels can be placed along a line. Each one can have its own style and placement, as appropriate to your map.