Posts

Ortl-placeholder-post

Drawing Shapes

Drawing shapes is simple and direct. Object handles and control knobs are visible and editable when using the single, direct Select [s] tool. Ovals, rectangles, arcs, wedges, stars, regular polygons and round rectangles are directly adjustable with special object handles – we call these Smart Shapes. No more switching tools or digging through menus to find the rotate command. Keep your attention where it should be – on your drawing canvas.

To Draw Rectangles, Ovals, Circles and Squares:

To_Draw_Rectangles__Ovals__Circles_and_Squares.png

Do one of the following:

  • RECTANGLE – Choose the Rectangle [r] tool, press and drag the cursor to begin drawing the shape, release the cursor to end the shape.
  • SQUARE – Choose the Rectangle [r] tool, hold the SHIFT-key when drawing to maintain the aspect ratio, press and drag the cursor to begin drawing the shape, release the cursor to end the shape.
  • OVAL– Choose the Oval [o] tool, press and drag the cursor to begin drawing the shape, release the cursor to end the shape.
  • CIRCLE – Choose the Oval [o] tool, hold the SHIFT-key when drawing to maintain the aspect ratio, press and drag the cursor to begin drawing the shape, release the cursor to end the shape.

To Draw Open and Closed Paths:

To_Draw_Open_and_Closed_Paths.png

Do one of the following:

  • AN OPEN PATH – Choose the Irregular Polygon [p] or Bezier Path [b] tool, click onto the drawing canvas to add the first point; continue clicking to add additional points connected by path segments; double-click to end the path or press the ESC-key to end the path.
  • A CLOSED-LOOP PATH / IRREGULAR POLYGON – Choose the Irregular Polygon [p] or Bezier Path [b] tool, click onto the drawing canvas to add the first point; continue clicking to add additional points connected by path segments; click onto the first drawn point to automatically end drawing the path; the coincident points will act as a single point.
  • To OPEN A CLOSED LOOP PATH – Choose the Select [s] tool, hold the CMND-key and drag the last point drawn away from the first point.

To Formally Close (or Open) Paths that Loop:

By default, the first and last placed points on a loop are treated as a single point when they are coincident (or overlapping). However, the path is not formally closed (with a straight line segment between first and last points).

To change this behavior so paths are formally closed when you end a path by clicking on its first placed path:

  1. Open the (app) > Preferences… Editing in the main menu.
  2. Check (or uncheck) “Automatically close paths when drawing”.

To open formally closed paths, do one of the following:

  • With the path selected, right-click and choose ‘Open’ from the contextual menu.
  • With the path selected, choose Edit > Paths (+Option-key) > Open from the main menu.

To Draw Arcs, Wedges, Stars, Regular Polygons, and Round Rectangles:

To_Draw_Arcs__Wedges__Stars__Regular_Polygons__and_Round_.png

Do one of the following:

  • ARCS – Choose the Arc [a] tool, click to place the center, move the cursor outward and click to define the radius, then move the cursor to define the arc and click to end the shape. Handles on Arcs directly control the object’s rotation, radius, and arc angle.
  • WEDGES – Choose the Wedge [w] tool, press to place the center, drag the cursor outward to define the radius, and release the cursor to end the shape. Handles on Wedges directly control the object’s rotation, radius, and arc angle.
  • REGULAR POLYGON / STAR – Choose the Regular Polygon [g] tool, press to place the center, drag the cursor outward to define the radius, and release the cursor to end the shape. Handles on Regular Polygons/Stars directly control the object’s rotation, radius, radial ratio, tip, and valley settings. Use the Geometry pane to change the number of sides (from 3 to 16). Additionally, to instantly create perfect triangles, hexagons, octagons and more, uncheck the “Star” setting in the Geometry pane and adjust the number of sides for a regular polygon.
  • ROUND RECTANGLES – Choose the Round Rectangle tool, press and drag the cursor to begin drawing the shape, release the cursor to end the shape. Handles on Round Rectangles directly control the object’s rotation and corner radius.

HINT: When your convert any of these special objects to a regular shape or path, they loose their “Smart” status and become regular shapes without dynamic editing handles.

To Reposition, Resize and Draw Out From Center:

To_Reposition__Resize_and_Draw_Out_From_Center.png

Do one of the following:

  • REPOSITION / MOVE – Choose the Select [s] tool, press and drag the object, release. Alternatively, use the Geometry panel to adjust the location x/y position
  • RESIZE – Choose the Select [s] tool, press and drag any of the object handles, release. Alternatively, use the Geometry panel to adjust size.
  • DRAW OUT FROM CENTER – Choose a shape tool (such as Oval [o] or Rectangle [r]), hold the Alt/Option-key while drawing shape, release.
  • DRAW OUT FROM CENTER AND CONSTRAIN ASPECT RATIO – Choose a shape tool (such as Oval [o] or Rectangle [r]), hold the Shift-Alt/Option-key while drawing shape, release.

To Rotate Objects:

To_Rotate_Objects.png

Choose the Select [s] tool and do one of the following:

  • ROTATE – Select the object, press and drag the shape’s purple rotation handle, release. Alternatively, use the Geometry panel to adjust angle.
  • CONSTRAIN ROTATION ANGLE TO 15-DEGREE INCREMENTS – Select the object, hold the SHIFT-key and drag the shape’s purple rotation handle, release.
  • REPOSITION OBJECT CENTER POINT – Select the object, press and drag the center blue crosshair target, release.
  • ROTATE SEVERAL OBJECTS AROUND A COMMON PONIT – Group the objects, reposition the center target for the group as desired, and rotate.

HINT: To quickly return a rotated object to no rotation, double-click its rotation knob.

Use the Geometry Panel to Precisely Adjust an Object’s Size and Position:

Use_the_Geometry_Panel_to_Precisely_Adjust_an_Object_s_Si.png

While objects may be resized and repositioned directly, the can also be precisely adjusted using numeric input in the Geometry panel. (located in the lower left sidebar).

Do one of the following:

  • EDIT NUMERIC INPUT – Highlight or double-click the existing number and type in a new number, then click back onto your drawing canvas to remove the focus from the Geometry panel.
  • LOCK (OR UNLOCK) ASPECT RATIO – When changing object width and height in the Geometry panel, click the lock icon open (or closed).

HINT: The numeric input menu is context sensitive to the current selected object and the object type is displayed. Additional special object settings, such as star tips and valleys will be revealed when available. To hide the Geometry panel, click the Geometry panel icon in the bottom of the window.

To Quickly Switch Between Shape and Edit Mode:

To_Quickly_Switch_Between_Shape_and_Edit_Mode.png

Drawing objects can be quickly converted between shape mode, in which the object has a bounding box, and edit mode, in which the shape is comprised of a path and its points.

Do one of the following:

  • Choose the Select [s] tool and double-click a shape or path object.
  • Choose Graphic > Convert To in the main menu.
  • Right-click the object and choose a convert-to option in the contextual menu.

Arcs, wedges, regular polygons/stars, and round rectangles are converted to regular shape objects in this process; double-click again to convert to path.

To Change the Size of Object Handles:

Choose (app) > Preferences… Options and change ‘Handles:’ to large or small.

To Show (or Hide) the Tooltip Feedback Window:

Choose (app) > Preferences… Editing and check (or uncheck) ‘Display dimensions when dragging objects’.

vp-geometric-pattern-final

Create Colorful Kaleidoscope Patterns with Artboard’s Polar Duplicate

This geometric pattern looks like mosaic tiles blooming into an intricate flower pattern. Better yet, it is deceptively simple to create using Artboard’s Polar Duplicate function. Inspired by the hip textiles of Verner Panton, this awesome design is made up of squares, increasing in size as they move outwards and creating an abstract, kaleidoscope-like form. Here’s how.

Tutorial Details

Program : Artboard 2.0 for Mac OSX
Difficulty: Intermediate
Topics Covered: Polar Duplicate; Style Inspector
Estimated Completion Time: ~15 minutes

Step 1

Choose File > New from the main menu. Turn on Graphic > Snap To > Graph Paper in the main menu.

In the Styles & Symbols palette, choose a stroke style (any color) from the “Basic Strokes & Fills” category. Using the Straight Line [l] tool, hold the SHIFT-key and draw a vertical line down the center of your drawing canvas. When you hold the SHIFT-key it constrains the angle of the line making it easier to get the line perfectly vertical. Hold SHIFT-key and draw another line horizontally across the center of the drawing canvas. We’ll use these lines as reference to center our pattern (alternatively, you could use Guide lines…).

Step 2

Choose a solid color fill from the “Basic Strokes & Fills” category in the Styles & Symbols palette (we’re using Maraschino red). Use the Rectangle [r] tool and hold the SHIFT-key to draw a small square – about 1-cm square (if you are using different drawing units this will be different) – aligned along the right side of your reference line. With the square still selected, double-click onto the “Angle” setting in the Geometry panel and type “45” to rotate the square 45-degrees. Click onto your drawing canvas to return the focus back to to your drawing.

Step 3

In this step you’ll create several copies of the square positioned around in a circle. Use the Select [s] tool to select the square. Choose Edit > Duplicate > Polar Duplicate… from the main menu. You have the option to enter X,Y coordinates for the center point of the circle, or to set the center by clicking the drawing at your desired position – we’ll use the point-and-click method. First click the “target” button in the Polar Duplicate dialog, then click onto your drawing at the center point where your reference lines cross. The X,Y coordinates at your click position will automatically be entered for you.

Next, type  to make “11” copies of your selection (there will be 12 total). Click into the “Angular Increment” box and it will be calculated for you based on how many copies you are making.Make sure “Rotate copies around center” is still checked. Click “Duplicate.”

If your squares are too close together, try making the starting square smaller or position it a bit further from the center.

Step 4

Use the Rectangle [r] tool to draw another square, slightly larger than your first – approximately 1.5-cm square. In the Geometry panel, set the rotation angle of the square to 30-degrees. Use the Select tool to move the square so it sits above and to the right of the first square.

Step 5

With the new square still selected, choose Edit > Duplicate > Polar Duplicate… from the main menu. This time, Artboard remembers the previous center point, so only enter “11” copies, click into the “Angular Increment” box to calculate 30-degrees. Make sure “Rotate copies around center” is still checked. Click “Duplicate.”

Step 6

Repeat steps 2 and 3 using a slightly larger square (about .5-cm larger each time) positioned slightly further to the right of the first square. Repeat step 5 to polar duplicate.

Step 7

It’s really starting to take shape now. Repeat steps 4 and 5 using again a slightly larger square than the previous. In this screenshot we’ve made the original four squares blue to help you visualize their final arrangement. Delete the reference lines.

Step 8

Congratulations! You have finished making an awesome geometric pattern!

Now you can spice up the pattern by changing the colors and styles of the squares that make up the pattern. It’s a playful pattern so experiment and have fun. Once you’re ready, you can select-all and group the mosaic to save as a clip art for future use. You can even combine several groups into interesting new formations.

For our final image, we made an new fill style. We selected and copied the pattern, then pasted it as an image in the Style Inspector- Expert pane for a Fill style component. We also added a Gradient Fill style component as a background. We could name and save this completely new style to apply to any shape – spectacular!

Final Image

This colorful kaleidoscope design shows how you can create interesting patterns quickly with Artboard’s Polar Duplicate function. We hope you have fun experimenting with your own designs. We’d love to see what you come up with!