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Direct Select, Zoom and Pan Navigation

Unlike other more complicated software, use the single direct Select [s] tool to select objects, move, rotate, move path points, change shapes, and more. Keep your focus where it belongs – on your drawing.

With multiple ways to navigate, zooming in and out, and panning around your drawing is a smooth experience.

To Select Objects:

To_Select_Objects.png
  1. Do one of the following:
  • Click on the Select tool in the Tools palette.
  • When another drawing tool is active, click the [S] keyboard shortcut.
  • When another tool is active, click the Esc-key to end editing (as needed) and again to return to the Select tool.

2. Click onto an object to edit.

To Move Objects:

  1. With the Select [s] tool, press onto an object and drag to move it.

HINT: To nudge objects, select the object(s) and use the arrow keys on the keyboard to move incrementally in any direction.

To Zoom In to Your Drawing:

To_Zoom_In_to_Your_Drawing.png

Do one of the following:

  • Click the magnifying glass Zoom In tool and press-and-drag onto your drawing over the area you want to enlarge.
  • Click once with the Zoom tool to enlarge the drawing a click at a time.
  • Use your trackpad pinch-to-zoom gesture to zoom the main view.
  • Use the trackpad two-finger double-tap gesture to ‘Zoom To Selection if there is a selection, or ‘Zoom To Fit Window’ if there isn’t.
  • Double-click the Pan tool to ‘Fit-to window’.
  • Double-click the Zoom In / Out tools to zoom to 100%.
  • Hold the Option-key while using a scroll-wheel mouse to zoom in and out of your drawing at the current mouse position. (Choose (app) > Preferences > Options and check ‘Invert scroll-wheel zoom direction’ as desired.)
  • Use the Shift-CMND- + keyboard shortcut.

HINT: Shadows are automatically disabled at very high zoom levels (over 800%) for enhanced performance. This setting can be changed in (app) > Preferences > Performance in the main menu.

To Zoom Out of Your Drawing:

Do one of the following:

  • Click the magnifying glass Zoom Out tool and click to reduce the zoom the drawing a click at a time.
  • Use your trackpad pinch-outward gesture to zoom out the main view.
  • Double-click the Pan tool to ‘Fit-to window’.
  • Double-click the Zoom In / Out tools to zoom to 100%.
  • Hold the Option-key while using a scroll-wheel mouse to zoom in and out of your drawing at the current mouse position. (Choose (app) > Preferences… Options and check ‘Invert scroll-wheel zoom direction’ as desired.)
  • Use the Shift-CMND- – keyboard shortcut.

To Move / Pan Around Your Drawing:

While zoomed in, do one of the following:

  • Use the track pad or scroll mouse.
  • Click the Pan [h] tool (hand) to press and drag the drawing into position.

To enable quick-pan scrolling while zoomed into a drawing while any tool is active, hold the Spacebar to temporarily activate the Pan tool and drag to reposition your drawing canvas. Releasing the Spacebar reverts automatically to the active tool.

To Zoom to a Pre-Set Magnification:

To_Zoom_to_a_Pre-Set_Magnification.png

Do one of the following:

  • Choose View > Zoom To 100% from the main menu.
  • Click the View pop-up menu at the bottom left of the drawing window and choose a magnification level.

It’s often useful to “fit to window” so that you can see your entire drawing at once.

To Zoom To the Currently Selected Object:

Do one of the following:

  • Choose View > Zoom To Selection in the Main Menu.
  • Use the trackpad two-finger double-tap gesture to ‘Zoom To Selection’.

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Moving, Grouping, and Converting Objects in Ortelius

Before you can move, modify or perform other operations on shapes, you must select them. A selected shape has handles that let you move and manipulate the shape. Use Artboard’s single direct select tool to select and move objects, and a variety of handy keyboard shortcuts and commands to modify them.

To Move, Resize and Rotate Objects:

To_Move__Resize_and_Rotate_Objects.png
  • REPOSITION – Move objects by selecting with the Select [s] tool and dragging, or use the Geometry panel to adjust the object’s x.y location.
  • RESIZE (SCALE) – Shapes by dragging any of the object handles with the Select [s] tool, or use the Geometry panel to adjust size.
  • ROTATE – Drag an object’s purple rotation handle with the Select [s] key to rotate around their center point, or use the Geometry panel to set the rotation angle.
  • REPOSITION AN OBJECT’S CENTER POINT – Drag the center blue crosshair target with the Select [s] tool to move the point of object rotation.

To Change the Stack Order of Objects – Moving Forward and Back:

To_Change_the_Stack_Order_of_Objects___Moving_Forward_and_Bac.png

Within each layer, objects have a stack order as they are drawn. Newer objects are drawn on top of existing objects. This is independent of layers, which control the display order of all objects among individual layers.

Do one of the following:

  • Use the Graphic > Bring To Front, Bring Forward, Send To Back, Send Backward commands from the main menu to change the stack order of objects.
  • Right-click on a graphic for quick access to the contextual menu stack order commands.
  • These functions are also available as toolbar icons via the Customize toolbar menu.

HINT: Occasionally, an object with a larger bounding box may be stacked “in front” of another object. Because of the overlap, the top object may either hide the lower object or make it difficult to select because the top object bounding box is in the way. Select the top object and use the Tab-key to cycle through a series of overlapping objects to select them.

To Group Objects:

To_Group_Objects.png

Do one of the following:

  • Choose Graphic > Group from the main menu to group two or more objects.
  • Use the CMND-G keyboard shortcut.
  • Click the Group icon in the toolbar.

Note that when objects are grouped, they are moved to the top of the stack order. If a style is applied to a group, all objects within the group will receive the new style. Text within a group can be double-clicked for convenient editing without ungrouping.

HINT: When you place clip art onto your drawing canvas the clip art are composed of regular drawing objects, though they may need ungrouped to edit.

To Ungroup Objects:

Do one of the following:

  • Choose Graphic > Ungroup from the main menu.
  • Use the SHIFT-CMND-G keyboard shortcut.
  • Click the Ungroup icon in the toolbar.

To Convert Objects From Shape Mode to Edit Path Mode:

To_Convert_Objects_From_Shape_Mode_to_Edit_Path_Mode.png

Do one of the following:

  • Double-click a path or shape to quickly switch between shape mode and edit path mode. For example, a path object can be converted to a shape object and vice-versa.
  • Choose Graphic > Convert To Path (or Shape) from the main menu.
  • Right-click and choose the ‘Convert To…’ command from the object’s contextual menu.

HINT: Special shapes, such as stars and round rectangles, will be converted into paths then back to normal shapes through this process (they cannot be converted back into special shapes).

HINT: Text objects are conveniently converted to Path, Shape, or Shape Group using the ‘convert to’ commands. Text-box text can also be converted to Text On Path. Converting text to a Shape Group enables several glyphs to be converted into a group of individual shapes. Ungroup the shape group to render each glyph as an individual shape which can be independently styled and manipulated.

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Text Labeling Area Features

Shape objects accept labels in much the same way as point features. Simple shapes and shapes from imported shapefiles support labeling.

To Add Labels to Shapes:

To_Add_Labels_to_Shapes.png
  1. Choose the Select [s] tool and select a shape.
  2. Do one of the following:
  • Right click the shape and choose ‘New Label’ from the contextual menu. A label is placed at the visual center of the shape.
  • Choose Edit > Labels & Text > New Label from the main menu.

3. The label content will use attribute information if an intelligent label tag has been defined. Alternatively, double-click the label to type free-text.

HINT: Labels support multi-line text. Press Option-Return or Shift-Return on the keyboard to manually insert a line break.

HINT: Special shapes, such as regular polygons and rounded-rectangles, and area features created from paths, such as irregular polygon, must be converted to shapes before they will accept a label. Choose Graphic > Convert To > Shape from the main menu, or right-click the object and choose ‘Convert To Shape’ from the object’s contextual menu.

To Use Just-Right Positioning of Area Feature Labels:

To_Use_Just-Right_Positioning_of_Area_Feature_Labels.png

By default, labels are placed in the visual center of area features. The visual center provides for best placement when an area is irregular shaped. For example, the geometric center for Scotland is in water, the visually center places the label more where you would expect it.

  • Using the Select [s] tool, drag a label around the feature to move it. Labels subtly shift into ten standard click positions similar to labels on point features – eight positions around the shape, the geometric center point, and the visual center (which may be very close or the same as the geometric center).
  • Rotate a label by dragging its rotation handle. Hold the Shift-key while rotating to snap the angle to 15-degree increments.
  • To have full placement control while moving a label, hold the Shift-key and drag the label into the desired position. Like labeling other object types, it is easy to style a label then copy and paste it onto other objects. When a label is copied and pasted to other objects, its positioning, content, and text style properties are maintained.

HINT: Depending on a map’s scale, areas can represent point-like objects such as cities or islands. Move the label into an outside position in these cases.

To Spread (Tracking) Labels Across Area Features:

To_Spread__Tracking__Labels_Across_Area_Features.png

Text can be spread out across and area (called “tracking”).

  1. Choose the Select [s] tool and select the label text for editing.
  2. Do one of the following:
  • Hold the Option-Control keys and repeatedly press the right-Arrow (end) key to widen (loosen) the spread, or the left-Arrow key to tighten the spread.
  • Choose Text > Kern > Loosen (or Tighten) from the main menu.

3. Repeat as necessary to get the desired spread.

HINT: Text > Kern > Loosen (or Tighten) is also used to add or delete space (or “kerning”) between two or more selected glyphs.

To Place Curved Text Across Area Features

To_Place_Curved_Text_Across_Area_Features.png

To create curved text for objects that span large areas, use the Text On Path [e] tool. Alternatively, you can convert a label to text on path with the following steps.

  1. Place a label on a shape.
  2. Do one of the following:
  • Right-click the label and choose ‘Detach From Feature’ from the contextual menu. Note, the label will be completely detached from the feature and its attributes.
  • Select the label(s) and choose Edit > Labels & Text > Detach From Feature in the main menu.

3. Select and convert the text to ‘text on a path’ by right-clicking and choosing ‘Convert to > Text On Path’ or choose Graphic > Convert To > Text On Path from the main menu.
4. Move the text path end points and curve handles into proper position.
5. Text alignment should be “justified” to spread text across the path. As necessary, do one of the following:

  • Double-click the text for editing and click the ‘Justified’ text alignment icon in the format bar.
  • Choose Text > Justify from the main menu.
  • Open the Object Inspector’s Features pane and click the ‘Justified’ text alignment icon.

To Make Label Text Bigger, Smaller, Bold, Italic, Underline:

  1. Place a label on a shape.
  2. Select the text label.
  3. Do one of the following:
  • Open the Fonts palette and modify the text properties
  • Choose various Text > properties in the main menu.
  • Use shortcut keys to quickly modify label text properties. For example, Command- – and Command- = quickly make label text smaller or bigger.
  • Double-click the text for editing and choose text properties form the format bar.