Adornments

Adornment are custom in-line and overlay style components used with Tracks in combination with Linear Select, as well as for creating label templates with styles to use with tracks and shape objects.

Custom Bridge Adornment

In the Styles Tab, a bridge adornment is a custom overlay style used when your needs are beyond what is supplied with the standard bridge symbol accessed through ‘Insert Special > Bridge’. Unlike normal styles, an overlay style is a custom adornment created and saved to your library in one step, then applied to a track in another step.

1. To Create the Overlay Style

  1. Use the Linear Select [n] tool to highlight the section of track to accept the new style.
  2. Open the Styles Tab and click ‘Clone’ – using ‘Clone’ helps to visualize how the custom bridge style will look with your track as you create it.

3. Press the ‘+’ button and choose ‘Bridge’ from the drop-down menu.

4. Drag the ‘Bridge’ style component to the bottom of the style component list so it appears under the other track styles.

Adjust the style component properties as desired. The following properties can be edited for Bridge adornment:

  • COLOR – Click the color-well to open the Colors panel.
  • LINE WIDTH – Set line width with the slider, highlight the text and type the line width, or use the up/down arrows to adjust the line width.
  • PIER SIZE – Size of the bridge piers.
  • SPACING – Distance between each pier (is automatically adjusted to evenly space piers between bridge ends).
  • WIDTH – Width of the bridge.
  • AUTOMATIC – Alternatively, check box to have pier and spacing bridge parameters automatically derived from the path width of the track object to which they are to be applied.

HINT: If you inadvertently deselect the track with the bridge while you are in the process of formatting its custom style, use the Linear Select tool to highlight the bridge and it will appear again in the Style Inspector.

6. Remove the other non-bridge style components from the style components list.

7. Double-click the style name and type to name the new style, then press the Action Menu in the bottom left of the Styles Tab to ‘Save As Library Style…’

2. To Apply the Overlay Style

To place a custom overlay style to a track, first save the style to your User Collection, then do the following:

  1. Use Linear Select [n] to highlight the section of track to accept the new overlay style.
  2. Hold down the option key, and double-click the overlay style in the Styles & Symbols palette.

Tunnel Adornment

A tunnel adornment is a custom in-line style used when your needs are beyond what is supplied with the standard tunnel symbol accessed through Edit > Insert Special > Tunnel. Unlike normal styles, an in-line style is created and saved to your library in one step, then applied to a track in another step.

1. To Create the In-Line Style

  1. Use the Linear Select [n] tool to highlight the section of track to accept the new style.
  2. Open the Styles Tab and click ‘Reset’ or ‘Clone’ .
  3. Press the ‘+’ button and choose ‘Tunnel’ from the drop-down menu.
  4. Optionally, remove the other style components from the style component list.
  5. Adjust the style component properties as desired. The following properties can be edited for Tunnel adornment:
    • COLOR – Press and hold the color-well to display the color array, or click once on the color-well to open the Colors panel.
    • LINE WIDTH – Set line width with the slider, highlight the text and type the line width, or use the up/down arrows to adjust the line width.
    • TUNNEL TYPE – Choose among a rounded or angular tunnel “portal” type.
    • DEPTH – The depth of the tunnel “portal”.
    • SPAN – The breadth (span) or the tunnel “portal”.

6. Double-click the style name and type to name the new style, then press the Action Menu in the bottom left of the Styles Tab to ‘Save As Library Style…’

2. To Apply the In-Line Style

Remember, to place a custom in-line style to a track, first save the style to your User Collection, then do the following:

  1. Use Linear Select [n] to highlight the section of track to accept the new overlay style.
  2. Double-click the style in the Styles & Symbols palette.

Cutting & Embankment Adornment

A cutting or embankment adornment is a custom overlay style used when your needs are beyond what is supplied with the standard bridge symbol accessed through Edit > Insert Special > Cutting (or Embankment). Unlike normal styles, an overlay style is created and saved to your library in one step, then applied to a track in another step.

1. To Create the Overlay Style

  1. Use the Linear Select [n] tool to highlight the section of track to accept the new style.
  2. Open the Styles Tab and click ‘Clone’ – using ‘Clone’ helps to visualize how the custom style will look with your track as you create it.
  3. Press the ‘+’ button and choose ‘Cutting & Embankment’ from the drop-down menu.
  4. Adjust the style component properties as desired. The following properties can be edited for Bridge adornment:
    • CUTTING/EMBANKMENT – Choose among cutting or embankment overlay style.
    • COLOR – Press and hold the color-well to display the color array, or click once on the color-well to open the Colors panel.
    • SCALE – Image scaling factor.
    • SCALE VARIABLE – Sets a variable scaling factor.
    • SPACING – Distance between each image.
    • WOBBLE – “Wobbliness” factor or random offset of images.
    • END RAMP – Proportion of path length where images are gradually scaled up to their final size.
    • OFFSET – Lateral displacement of images from path center line.
    • ALTERNATING OFFSET – Alternate images are displaced to opposite sides and with 180-degree rotation when checked.
    • CLIPPING – Images may be clipped to the inside or outside of the path.

6. Remove the other non-cutting/embankment style components from the style components list.

7. Double-click the style name and type to name the new style, then press the Action Menu in the bottom left of the Styles Tab to ‘Save As Library Style…’

2. To Apply the Overlay Style

Remember, to place a custom overlay style to a track, save the style to your User collection and do the following:

  1. Use Linear Select [n] to highlight the section of track to accept the new overlay style.
  2. Hold down the option key and double-click the style in the Styles & Symbols palette.

HINT: If you inadvertently deselect the track with the cutting/embankment while you are in the process of formatting its custom style, use the Linear Select tool to highlight the cutting/embankment and it will appear again in the Style Inspector.

Label Template

A label template pre-defines the label’s styling to be used with a style. Once defined, change the label style component to ‘Disabled” so it is displayed only when applied interactively to an object in your map.

1. To Create a Label Template

  1. Draw a path or shape to let you visualize how the label will look with the style.
  2. With the object still selected, open the Styles Tab and click ‘Reset’ or ‘Clone’ to create a new style.
  3. Press the ‘+’ button, and choose ‘Label Template’ from the drop-down menu ‘Adornment’ section.
  4. Do one of the following:
    • If you have a shape object to receive the label, choose ‘Flow text into object’s rectangle’ from the ‘Layout’ drop-down menu.
    • If you have a path object to receive the label, choose ‘Along object’s path’ from the ‘Layout’ drop-down menu.
    • Choose another option (such as ‘Along reverse path’) from the ‘Layout’ drop-down menu as desired.

5. Adjust the remaining style component properties as desired. The following properties can be edited for Label adornment:

  • VERTICAL – The vertical alignment options (align top, middle, bottom, center on path, variable); if ‘Variable’ is chosen, the vertical alignment slider becomes active letting you interactively set the vertical alignment.
  • WRAP LINES – The text is wrapped when checked; if unchecked only a single line is drawn (shapes only).
  • ANGLE – Rotation angle of the text.
  • ANGLE RELATIVE TO OBJECT – Text angle is relative to the object when checked.
  • CLIP TO PATH – Text is clipped to object’s path when checked.
  • TEXT COLOR – Text color.
  • JUSTIFICATION – Horizontal justification of text.
  • FONT – Opens Fonts panel.
  • OUTLINE – Text has an outline when checked.
  • MASK – Text has a mask when checked.

6. The default text label reads “Text Adornment”, is displayed as entered, and can be left blank. Alternatively, a look-up ‘tag’ can be applied that will look up the label value according to any object attributes that may exist (as defined in the Object Inspector – Attributes pane). To define the content of a label, do one of the following:

  • Double-click the text in the text-well to select it for editing and begin typing – when a text label is added to an object the label is displayed as entered.
  • Double-click the text in the text-well to select it for editing and delete it – when a text label is added to an object the label is displayed as “Label” and can be edited directly on the object with a double-click.
  • Double-click the text in the text-well to select it for editing and choose a tag from the ‘Tags’ drop-down list (Route Number, Sequence Number, Sequence Cardinal, or Name) – when a text label is added to an object the label is displayed as the attribute value, if it exists (if no attribute exists, it will be displayed as “Label”).
  • Double-click the text in the text-well to select it for editing and type “%%” followed immediately by a custom attribute to be used in the label (for example, ‘%%CITYNAME’). The ‘%%’ preface indicates to Ortelius that the value is to be looked up.

7. IMPORTANT: Once the label is formatted, uncheck the ‘Enabled’ check box in the style components list. This hides the label adornment until a label is interactively added to an object.

8. Double-click the style name and type to name the new style, then press the Action Menu in the bottom left of the Styles Tab to ‘Save As Library Style…’

HINT: See Using Map Text Labels, Text Labeling Area Features, Text Labeling Point Features, and Text Labeling Linear Features for more information on using Ortelius’ powerful labeling system.